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It is one of the first varietals to be mentioned in 13th century documents.
It boasts a long cultural tradition in a rather restricted area, namely the hills at the foot of the Italian Alps. Nebbiolo flourishes in the local Alpine and Continental climate.

The Nebbiolo grapes exhibit great diversity described variously as “male”, “female”, “small”, “fine”, “gentle”, or “big” and are given different names in different areas: Spanna in Northern Piedmont, Picotendro in Valle d’Aosta, Prunent in Val d’Ossola and Chiavennasca in Valtellina. Thyere are three “sub varietals” in the Langhe which alone are allowed to be used to produce Barolo and Barbaresco: Michet, Lampia and Roset, and in fact, only Michet and Lampia are being used nowadays.

The two differ in that Lampia shows greater vigour and development:

In the shape of the bunch and berries, Lampia has medium-large sized, pyramid shaped bunches with a well-developed wing, and medium-small sized berries with a less intense colour than Michet’s
Michet has medium-sized, cone shaped, thick bunches with long stalks and its berries are medium-sized and blue-coloured.

Nebbiolo adapts with great difficulty in areas other than the historic growing regions – this is the reason why it is not very widespread as a varietal.
The greatest area in terms of hectares is the district of “Langhe and Roero” having 67% of the world’s total 5,015 hectares.
Lombardy ranks second (16%), while the rest of the world accounts only for 8.5%.